Eczema is a skin reaction due to your overreactive immune system. It causes red, inflamed and itchy skin. Eczema affects up to 20 percent of children, but most outgrow it since only 1-3 percent of adults are affected.
Symptoms of Eczema:
- Skin itching which may disrupt sleep
- Skin bumps and blisters
- Red or brown rash
- Skin flaking, cracking, or bleeding
- Scaly skin
- Sensitive, raw, swollen skin from excessive scratching
- Infants and children – cheeks, knees and elbows
- Adolescents and adults – hands, arms, feet and back of knees
Causes of Eczema:
Eczema often runs in families and is more likely to occur in patients with hay fever, food allergies, asthma and other allergies. It occurs when your skin is ineffective as a barrier against allergens, irritants and germs. Normal skin keeps these out, but because your skin is not working properly, these irritants get in and cause inflammation. Up to two-thirds of kids with moderate to severe eczema will have food allergies.
Treatment Options for Eczema:
- Avoidance measures – following up on your allergy testing results, we can help you avoid exposure to specific food and other allergens that trigger your eczema
- Lotions – we can recommend high-quality, hypoallergenic lotions and creams for aggressive moisturization.
- Advanced medications – we often prescribe topical anti-inflammatory and steroid creams to reduce your symptoms
- Allergen immunotherapy – allergy injections help desensitize your immune system to your unique triggering allergens, to reduce skin inflammation and symptoms
- Biologic therapies – newer treatment options such as dupilumab (Dupixent) can be used to treat patients that do not respond to other measures