What is Epistaxis? (Nosebleeds)
Epistaxis, or a nosebleed, is when you lose blood from the tissue that lines the inside of your nose. A combination of dry air and tiny blood vessels that line the inner surface of your nose often cause nosebleeds. There are simple steps you can take to treat and prevent them. Although annoying, nosebleeds usually aren’t a cause for concern.
Nosebleeds can be caused by various factors, affecting both children and adults alike. The prominent position of the nose in the center of the face makes it vulnerable to injury, which can lead to bleeding. Additionally, the proximity of the blood vessels to the skin’s surface in the nose makes them more susceptible to bleeding. While occasional nosebleeds are generally not a cause for concern, recurrent or frequent nosebleeds may be indicative of an underlying medical issue that requires medical intervention.
Nosebleeds are typically attributed to two primary causes in both adults and children: nasal dryness and nasal trauma. Prolonged irritation to nasal tissue can also lead to nosebleeds, which can result from excessive sneezing or nose-blowing during a cold, sinus infection, allergic reaction, or due to a chronic runny nose or consistent exposure to chemical irritants.
Nosebleeds are especially common in the winter months due to the dry heat indoors. When the nasal tissue dries out, it can form crusts that are prone to cracking and bleeding.
In addition to environmental factors, nasal dryness can also stem from structural issues such as a deviated septum, leading to recurring nosebleeds. Certain medications, such as blood thinners like anti-inflammatories, and excessive use of cold and allergy medications such as antihistamines and decongestants, may also increase the likelihood of nasal tissue bleeding.
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Nosebleeds affect about 60% of people at least once in their lifetime, while only 10% of these cases require medical intervention. Our expert team at Relief Allergy & Sinus Institute is adept at handling even the most challenging situations.
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